Keynote Speaker I
Prof. Ramesh K. Agarwal
Washington University in St. Louis, USA
(Fellow of IEEE, AIAA, AAAS, APS, ASME)
Food - Water – Energy – Environment Nexus and Sustainable Future
Food, energy and water are critical, mutually dependent, resources needed for the existence and progress of human civilization. The production of food requires both energy and water. The production of energy requires large volumes of water and water infrastructure requires large amounts of energy. Therefore there is this food-water-energy nexus which should be addressed together in the context of their supply, demand and management to meet the needs of growing world population, with the prospects and expectations for improved quality of life for large percentage of world population. More importantly, while there are variety of possible alternate sources and technological solutions for increasing the energy supply as well as arresting the global warming, there are limited solutions to increasing the food supply and there is only finite supply of fresh water which can all be adversely affected by the climate change. The only way to increase the fresh water supply is by desalination which is an energy intensive process. In addition, the increase in the use of fossil fuels to meet the energy demands in the near term is likely to impact climate change due to increase in GHG emissions which in turn can impact the water supply. Therefore conservation of water is equally or may be even more important than conservation of energy. To sustain energy production and a dependable water supply, the U.S and the world must gain a detailed understanding of the interdependencies of water and energy systems, balance the needs of all users, and develop technologies to reduce water use and loss by water conservation and efficiency. These goals can be achieved through advancing water and energy system prediction and forecasting, scientific and technological innovation, and the implementation of technologies and management systems. This paper provides an overview of food-water-energy-environment nexus primarily in the context of U.S but also from global perspective.
Professor Ramesh K. Agarwal is the William Palm Professor of Engineering in the department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Washington University in St. Louis. From 1994 to 2001, he was the Sam Bloomfield Distinguished Professor and Executive Director of the National Institute for Aviation Research at Wichita State University in Kansas. From 1978 to 1994, he was the Program Director and McDonnell Douglas Fellow at McDonnell Douglas Research Laboratories in St. Louis. Dr. Agarwal received Ph.D in Aeronautical Sciences from Stanford University in 1975, M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1969 and B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India in 1968. Over a period of forty years, Professor Agarwal has worked in various areas of Computational Science and Engineering - Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Computational Materials Science and Manufacturing, Computational Electromagnetics (CEM), Neuro-Computing, Control Theory and Systems, and Multidisciplinary Design and Optimization. He is the author and coauthor of over 500 journal and refereed conference publications. He has given many plenary, keynote and invited lectures at various national and international conferences worldwide in over fifty countries. Professor Agarwal continues to serve on many academic, government, and industrial advisory committees. Dr. Agarwal is a Fellow eighteen societies including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), American Physical Society (APS), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Royal Aeronautical Society, Chinese Society of Aeronautics and Astronautics (CSAA), Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) and American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). He has received many prestigious honors and national/international awards from various professional societies and organizations for his research contributions.
Keynote Speaker II
Prof. Dorrik Stow Frse
Heriot-Watt University, UK
(Fellow of RSE, NERC )
Professor Stow is a leading sedimentologist, geologist and oceanographer of international standing with an extensive record of scientific publications, including over 200 scientific papers and reports, numerous books and edited volumes. He specialises in the deep sea and on deep-sea deposits now thrown up onto land. In pursuing this scientific quest he has sailed on all the world's major oceans, visited or worked in more than 50 countries and lectured extensively throughout the world. He has worked in and with the oil industry, particularly in their ongoing quest for deep-sea oil and gas and on new and tight reservoir targets; led a major international mission for scientific drilling into the deep Indian Ocean seafloor; and is currently co-chief scientist for IODP Leg 339 on Mediterranean Outflow research. He also maintains strong interest in the field of geoscience and development, with recent visits to Indian Kashmir, Assam and Sri Lanka, concerning hazard mitigation, geoscience education and marine management. His enthusiasm for the popularisation of ocean and earth sciences is expressed through lectures, writing and broadcast, including his recent books Oceans: An Illustrated Reference (2004) and Vanished Ocean (OUP, 2010). He is currently Director of Research and Professor of Petroleum Geoscience at the Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Heriot Watt University, and Director of the Edinburgh Collaborative of Subsurface Science and Engineering (ECOSSE). Employment 2008-present: ECOSSE Chair & Professor, Heriot-Watt University; Director of Research, Institute of Petroleum Engineering 1989-2008: Professor Ocean & Earth Science (from 2000), previously Reader, and Head of Academic Studies, School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton University 2006: Visiting Professor, Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia, Malaga, Spain; Spanish Misitry of Education and Science, Mobility Award. 1998-2000: Royal Society Industrial Research Fellow, BP, Sunbury; working within the Deepwater Research team 1984-1989: Lecturer then Reader, Nottingham University 1984: Associate Professor, Bordeaux University, France 1980-1984: Royal Society of Edinburgh Research Fellow (1982-84); NERC Research Fellow (1980-82), Edinburgh University 1977-1980: Exploration Geologist then Senior Sedimentologist, British National Oil Corporation (Britoil), Glasgow Education and awards 1977: PhD Marine Geology, Dalhousie University, Canada 1976: MA Cambridge University, UK 1974: BA Natural Science Tripos, Cambridge University, UK Royal Society Industrial Research Fellowship National Teaching Fellowship Geological Society William Smith Award Royal Society of Edinburgh Research Fellowship Natural Environmental Research Council Research Fellowship Royal Society John Murray Travelling Fellowship Dalhousie Postgraduate Fellowship Commonwealth Scholarship Exhibition, Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge Royal Institution Australian Science Scholarship.
Keynote Speaker III
Prof. Mário S. Ming Kong
University Lisbon, Portugal
Mário Say Ming Kong holds a PhD in Architecture in the
field of Design and Visual Communication at the Escola Técnica Superior de
Arquitectura in Barcelona - Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (ETSAB-UPC)
with post-doctoral studies at ETSAB-UPC, a Master degree in Architecture
He is currently Professor with Aggregation of FA-ULisboa, Guest Professor at ESELx and at the Master Course of Art at FBA-ULisboa.
Previously he was a lecturer at the University Lusófona (U.L.H.T.) and the Universidade Independente, respectively in the departments of Urban Planning and Architecture.
In 2000 he was the coordinator of the first year of the Urban Planning Course at U.L.H.T. In 1998, Regent of the discipline of Design / CAD / Geometry in U.L.H.T.
He has participated in scientific research studies and consultancy work for external entities. He has carried out publications, communications and training courses in order to disseminate the results of his research activity and teacher in national and international universities.
His main fields of research are: "Harmony and proportion in the representation between the West and the East" and "Architectures in Paper and Sustainable Materials with its application in the Plasticity of Paper in the Creative Process of Architecture, Urbanism and Design" applying concepts of Origami and Kirigami to materials such as paper and bamboo.